4th Grade Standards
SS4H1 Explain the causes, events, and results of the American Revolution.
- a. Trace the events that shaped the revolutionary movement in America: French and Indian War, 1765 Stamp Act, the slogan “no taxation without representation,” the activities of the Sons of Liberty, the activities of the Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, and the Boston Tea Party.
- b. Describe the influence of key individuals and groups during the American Revolution: King George III, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Benedict Arnold, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Paul Revere, and Black regiments.
- c. Describe the major events of the American Revolution and explain the factors leading to American victory and British defeat; include the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Saratoga, and Yorktown.
- d. Explain the writing of the Declaration of Independence; include who wrote it, how it was written, why it was necessary, and how it was a response to tyranny and the abuse of power.
SS4G2 Describe how physical systems affect human systems.
a. Explain how each force (American and British) attempted to use the physical geography of each battle site (Lexington and Concord, Saratoga, and Yorktown) to its benefit.
One of the main reasons that the colonists rebelled against Great Britain is that they felt they were not represented in the British government. The British government was making new laws and taxes on the colonies, but the colonies had no say. They wanted to have some say in the British government if they were going to pay high taxes and have to live by British law.
War didn't happen right away. First there were protests and arguments. Then some small skirmishes between the colonists and the local British army. Things just got worse and worse over the course of years until the colonies and Great Britain were at war.
Each colony had its own local government. In 1774 they each elected officials to represent them at the First Continental Congress. This was the first effort of the colonies to unite and make a single government. In 1776 the Second Continental Congress declared the independence of the United States from Great Britain.
Read for further understanding:
French and Indian War (1754-1763) part of what was known as the 7 Years War (1756-1763)
Leading up to the War
Causes of the American Revolution
Boston Tea Party
The Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
The United States Flag
Articles of Confederation
The Treaty of Paris
Generals and Military Leaders
Patriots and Loyalists
Patriots and Loyalists Videos:
Sons of Liberty
Women during the War
Patrick Henry Thomas Jefferson
Battles of Lexington and Concord
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
Battle of Bunker Hill
Battle of Long Island
Washington Crossing the Delaware
Battle of Germantown
The Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Cowpens
Battle of Guilford Courthouse
Battle of Yorktown
Watch for Understanding
Here is the link for the online text-book for Social Studies:
Summary Pages for review for all chapters: